What is a Chilean horse?
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Chilean horse – Video Learning – WizScience.com The “Chilean horse” or “Chilean Corralero” is a horse breed from South America. It is the oldest registered native American breed, the oldest registered breed of Iberian origin, the oldest registered horse breed in South America and the oldest registered stock horse breed in the Western Hemisphere. The Chilean Horse’s genealogy originates in the Governorate of New Castile . Most of the horses came from the fertile valleys of Charcas , but some of the finest stallions were selected from throughout the kingdom. The breed probably started around 1544 when the first Chilean horse breeder, Father Rodrigo González Marmolejo, started breeding equines in what was then known as New Toledo when the emphasis was on quality. By the turn of the 16th century, the Mapuches were outstanding horsemen with growing numbers of horses which were trained as efficient war mounts. By the 17th century, Chile had very defined types in parade horses, pacers and trotters and the country had gained the reputation of having the best horses in South America. Chilean Horses were selected for lateral dexterity, courage to confront and pin belligerent cattle and an even temperament that permitted a high degree of trainability while conserving needed energy for a long day’s work. By the 18th century, the yearly round-ups that had been required by decree since 1557 took on massive dimensions. The pens that received cattle herded down from the mountainous terrain needed to have a capacity of no less than 7,000 head. Sorting the cattle by ownership, designated use, and requirements for castration and branding resulted in herding and pushing cattle down long alleyways into classifying pens. This gave rise to the aptitudes now used in the modern-day Chilean rodeo that are performed in a crescent-shaped arena known as a medialuna . This video uses material/images from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chilean…, which is released under Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b… . This video is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b… .